Volume 28 - "Nanomaterials – Functional Properties and Applications" / "Nanomateriale – Proprietăți Funcționale și Aplicații"

CONTENTS


Read the whole book (pdf)

Biographical notes of co-editors


ABOUT THE BOOK

The present volume Nanomaterials - functional properties and applications is part of the series Micro- and nanoengineering, a series edited by the Publishing House of the Romanian Academy. The chapters of the present volume represent extended versions of a number of papers presented at the 18th edition of the National Seminar of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Iași, 24-25 October 2019), organized with the support of ICM Petru Poni, https://www.icmpp.ro/.


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FOREWORD

The 28th volume of the Micro- and Nanoengineering (MNE) Series published by the Romanian Academy, entitled Nanomaterials – functional properties and applications is due to appear in 2020, twenty years after the first seminar organized by the Romanian Academy (February 2000), highlighting the importance of nanotechnologies. The present volume contains papers presented at the 18th edition of the National Seminar for Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies – SNN 2019, that took place in Iași (Romania), 24–25 October 2019.

Going back in time, the debate on nanotehnologies and sharing the experience in this field at the national level was initiated by the Commission for Science and Technology of Microsystems (STMS), set up in 1998 by the Section for Information Science and Technologies of the Romanian Academy. The event organized in February 2000, as mentioned before, has been the first from a series of national seminars on nanoscience and nanotechnologies (N&N), and took place only a couple of weeks after the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was launched (January 30, 2000) in the US Congress by President Clinton. It is worthwhile to remind that a scientist of Romanian origin, which graduated the Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest, namely Mihail C. Roco (now Honorary Member of the Romanian Academy), is considered the architect of NNI, launching a new era in worldwide research in this field. Dr. Roco was also the person triggering the interest of Romanian authorities in nanotechnology. This interest was reflected for more than a decade (2001–2013) in the first two national plans for research, development and innovation. A prospective study on nanotechnology in Romania (NANOPROSPECT, financed in 2010–2011) revealed the potential of this country in the nanotechnology in the broad sense (including micro-nanoelectronics and photonics, advanced materials).

From 2004 to 2017, the National Seminar on Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies was organized each year by the Centre of Nanotechnologies, an entity from the National Institute for R&D in Microtechnologies (IMT Bucharest), a centre functioning under the aegis of the Romanian Academy. Annual editions have been devoted, alternatively, to scientific communication and, respectively, to exchange of experience related to European cooperation. Indeed, nanotechnology was considered as one of the key fields where Romanian researchers have been successful in participating to European projects, as recognized by the European Commissioner for Research, visiting Romania in October 2013.

The volume Nanomaterials – functional properties and applications proves the maturity of the field in Romania, due to strong orientation to applications as well as the involvement in international research. It contains research contributions in physics and chemistry, targeting various applications of nanomaterials, such as biology and medicine, pollution control or electronics. The contributions are the result of cooperation between universities and research institutes (sometimes external partners are involved). Among the papers focusing on the applications of nanoparticles, one should mention the graphene-supported platinum cobalt nanoparticles for exchange membranes in fuel cells (cooperation of CSSNT-UPB with the National Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies) or the iron oxide based magnetic nanoparticles interacting with human adipose cells for tumor diagnosis and treatment (National Institute for Technical Physics in collaboration with a university, a medical clinic and a company, all from Iași). Carbon nanomaterials, namely porous reduced graphene oxide and carbon nanofibers, respectively, are successfully used in the fabrication of electrochemical biosensors, considering their good electrical conductivity, large surface area and ease of functionalization (International Centre of Biodynamics and other research entities from Bucharest, in an international cooperation). Metallic nanowires have been studied with a potential for cancer treatment by magneto-mechanical effect (again National Institute for Technical Physics in an international cooperation). The interactions between manufactured nanomaterials and biological systems, with applications in nanomedicine and safety regulations have been thoroughly explored by the Institute for Physical Chemistry in Bucharest. Other papers are related to macromolecular chemistry or ceramic materials. Environmental applications, pollution control, nuclear detectors or printable electronics are targeted by other contributions.

Acknowledgements. We are indebted to all co-editors of this volume for contributing to the organization of the event and assembling the volume and especially to academician Maria Zaharescu, providing the coordination of the final interaction with authors. We are also expressing our gratitude to ICMMP Iași, as the host of the Seminar, and to academician Bogdan Simionescu, Vice-President of the Romanian Academy, for his permanent support. 

Acad. Dan Dascălu
President of the STMS Commission
Coordinator of the Series Micro- and Nanoengineering
17th of September, 2020


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